Over the past four decades, the processes of economic integration and technological change have altered the structure of the world economy, redefining the competitive advantages of many areas and regions. The economic crisis which began in 2008 has further modified the pre-existing structures by impacting asymmetrically on countries and regions, and engendering different paths of recovery. The socio-economic system and its innovative capacity, the institutional context, the individual and systemic features of firms (including multinationals) and other local actors (including universities) have a crucial role in determining these development paths and their sustainability.
Given these challenges, and the inability of traditional sectoral economic policies to respond to them, a variety of actions and tools have been designed to relaunch innovation, growth and employment in all national and local contexts. Within the European Union, the ‘Europe 2020’ strategy has laid the bases for coordination of all European Community policies concerned with these objectives, and it has closely targeted the financial allocations for 2014-2020 on their pursuit.
In this regard, the Rossi-Doria Centre intends to study the dynamics of innovation, growth, and employment in the Regions of the European Union. It devotes particular attention to the role of public policies (local, national and Community) in those areas.
In particular, research at the Centre focuses on:
a) analysis of the determinants of innovation, growth and employment dynamics in the regions of the European Union, also from a comparative perspective;
b) analysis of the role of local and multinational firms in European regions, also in regard to their positioning in global value chains and global production networks;
c) analysis of the design of public development and innovation policies;
d) analysis of the impact of development policies with particular regard to the European Union’s regional and rural development policies.