Global Value Chains

//Global Value Chains
Global Value Chains2019-01-22T15:03:25+01:00

global-value-chains-6For at least twenty five years – with growing involvement, intensity, and geographical extent – the manufacture of a good has been divided into phases so that it takes the form of a sequence of tasks assigned to firms located in very different places. Global value chains (henceforth GVCs) reflect this distinctive pattern of the international division of production. The phenomenon involves both firms in developing countries, where participation in GVCs is an opportunity to industrialize highly labour-intensive tasks, and firms in the developed countries, which frequently operate in what are considered to be the most remunerative segments of GVCs, i.e. upstream and downstream to the production of a good.

The organization of production in GVCs is a phenomenon of great importance. At the macro level, it has a significant impact on the productive specialization of individual countries, which now in large part compete on individual phases (for example, R & D, Design, Assembly, Logistics) rather than on final goods, which in fact are now “made in the world”. At the micro level, it offers opportunities of various kinds to firms, depending on their positioning and the capacity to move along the GVC and settle on more remunerative tasks (so-called upgrading process).

The Italian economy has been characterized by growing integration into GVCs. In fact, according to the index of GVC participation compiled by the OECD (2012), Italy ranks equal with Germany and France. At micro level, Italian firms seem to be involved in GVCs mainly as intermediate firms: that is, they sell to other firms rather than operate in the market for finished goods.

Research Projects

Approach Application of Global Value Chains to High-Tech Suppliers of CERN, 2017.
Contracting Authority: CERN
With a team of economists and of physicists led by Massimo Florio and Stefano Forte, the Rossi-Doria Centre participated in a research project aiming at evaluating social costs and benefits of the next project of CERN: the “Future Circular Collider”.
In particular, the Rossi-Doria Centre, with the project “Approach Application of Global Value Chains to High-Tech Suppliers of CERN”, estimated the socio-economic impact of CERN on businesses in the supply chain and other organizations.
CRES research team: Anna Giunta (Roma Tre University and CRES); Francesco Giffoni (Roma Tre University)
Other researchers: Massimo Florio, Emanuela Sirtori

Sub-Saharan Africa Countries: Food and Agricultural Policies, Trade Policies and Global Value Chains, 2017.
Contracting authority: Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) and the Centre for Economic and Social Research, Roma Tre University, have recently agreed on research and capacity building activities to support the programme for Monitoring and Analysing Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP).
MAFAP seeks to establish country owned and sustainable systems to monitor, analyse, and reform food and agricultural policies to enable more effective, efficient and inclusive policy frameworks in a growing number of developing and emerging economies.
Rossi-Doria Centre’s research will focus on “The impact of food and agricultural policies on trade performance of Sub-Saharan Africa countries by product” and on “Analyzing the relationship between trade policies and backward and forward participation of the Sub-Saharan Africa countries’ to agriculture and food Global Value Chains”.
CRES research team: Ilaria Fusacchia, Silvia Nenci, Luca Salvatici, Davide Vurchio (Roma Tre University and CRES).

Publications

Florio M., Giffoni F., Giunta A., Sirtori E., Big Science, Learning and Innovation: Evidence from Cern ProcurementIndustrial and Corporate Change, 2018, vol. 27, 5, 915-936 ,https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dty029.

Massimo Florio, Francesco Giffoni, Anna Giunta, Emanuela Sirtori. Big Science, Learning and Innovation: Evidence From CERN Procurement, Working Paper 225 (Collana del Dipartimento di Economia, Università degli studi Roma Tre) (online), 2017

Florio M., Giffoni F., Giunta A., Sirtori E., Big Science, Learning and Innovation: Evidence from Cern ProcurementIndustrial and Corporate Change, 2018, vol. 27, 5, 915-936 , https://doi.org/10.1093/icc/dty029.

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Events

22 March 2018 ore 14:00 – 23 March 2018 ore 17:00 – FIFTH WORKSHOP ON GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS. Updating our Knowledge on Global Value Chains. – Sala delle Lauree, Scuola di Economia e Studi Aziendali, Roma Tre University , Via Silvio D’Amico 77, Rome

22 June 2016 – Le imprese italiane e le catene globali del valore: il contributo delle nuove informazioni statistiche – Anna Giunta, Roma Tre University and Rossi-Doria Centre, Dodicesima Conferenza nazionale di statistica, Temi Emergenti: Competitività e Crescita: Le Risposte della Statistica Ufficiale – Ergife Palace, Centro Congressi, Via Aurelia, 619

28 April 2016 h. 9:00 – FOURTH WORKSHOP GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS. Italy in the GVCS. Country, Regions and Firms Analyses. – Keynote Speaker: Gary Gereffi (Duke University and CGGC) – Sala delle Lauree, Scuola di Economia e Studi Aziendali, Roma Tre University, Via Silvio D’Amico 77, Rome

26 April 2016, h. 15:30 – Ph.D. LECTURE: Using GVC Analysis to Link Global and Local Development, with Reference to Italian Industrial Districts – Keynote Speaker: Gary Gerefi (Duke University and CGGC) – Room 12, 1° floor, Scuola di Economia e Studi Aziendali, Roma Tre University , Via Silvio D’Amico 77, Rome

21 April 2016 h. 15:30 – Ph.D. LECTURE: Global Value Chains and Development: Governance, Upgrading and Emerging Economies – Keynote Speaker: Gary Gereffi (Duke University and CGGC) – Room 8, 1° floor, Scuola di Economia e Studi Aziendali, Roma Tre University, Via Silvio D’Amico 77, Rome

10 December 2015 h. 14:15 – 11 December 2015 h. 17:00 – THIRD WORKSHOP GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS. Firms, Trade and Policy Implications. – Keynote Speaker: Pol Antràs, Harvard University – Sala delle Lauree, Scuola di Economia e Studi Aziendali, Roma Tre University , Via Silvio D’Amico 77, Rome

21 October 2014 h. 15:00 – SECOND WORKSHOP GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS.. Perception, Reality and Measurement. – Keynote Speaker: Tim Sturgeon, MIT Industrial Performance Center (IPC) – Sala delle Lauree, Roma Tre University, Scuola di Economia e Studi Aziendali, Via Silvio D’Amico 77 , Rome

25 September 2014 h. 8:00 – 26 September 2015 h. 17:00 – FIRST WORKSHOP GLOBAL VALUE CHAINS. Global Value Chains for Food and Nutrition Security. – Keynote Speaker: Gary Gereffi (Center on Globalization, Governance, & Competitiveness – Duke University) – Sala delle Lauree, Roma Tre University, Scuola di Economia e Studi Aziendali, Via Silvio D’Amico 77, Rome